In the Italian bargaining system, there is a vertical coordination mechanism: national sectoral collective agreements regulate wages in accordance with the provisions of the January 2009 inter-confederation agreement. Opening clauses may exist and are managed by the parties to the national negotiations. Collective bargaining or collective bargaining is a process of bargaining between employers and a group of workers that seeks to reconcile wage agreements, working conditions, benefits and other aspects of workers` compensation and workers` rights. The interests of the workers are usually passed on by a representative of the union from which the worker is based. The mutual agreement resulting from these negotiations generally defines the level of wages, working time, training, health and safety, overtime, claim mechanisms and the right to participate in professional or professional affairs.  Note: The Italian interconfical level (interconfederal livello) does not deal with individual relationships, but defines the rules of collective bargaining and certain general issues such as learning. It contains the rules for coordination between sectoral and decentralized levels of bargaining and sets out the general benchmarks for wage negotiations, including the protection of wage purchasing power. Collective agreements may include opening clauses. The opening clauses mean a derogation from the NCBA and/or the law (TU 2014). For employees recruited from March 2015, Law 23/2015 reformed this regulatory framework. Specifically, it has introduced a new protection against illegal individual and collective dismissals (“seniority protection regime”, contract a crescenti tutele): from 7 March 2015, new labour relations have been affected by forms of protection that increase with seniority in the event of illegal dismissals. The new system applies not only to employees (without managers) who work indeterminately, but also: in terms of wage setting, the most important level is undoubtedly that of the sector. As noted above, NCCs set the minimum hourly wage and the maximum length of the working day based on the sector and the nature of the activity.
Some aspects of the remuneration structure and working time management, such as Z.B. Incentive plans, ancillary benefits and overtime pay are delegated to decentralized agreements.