This example shows the benefits of a systematic approach to the interpretation of collective agreement clauses. It helps you determine what your specific rights are, what you need to do to qualify for those rights, and what you should expect from the employer in recognition of your rights. Special payments are not set by law, but are usually set out in collective agreements. Typical special allowances are the annual vacation pay and Christmas allowances, also known as the 13th and 14th months of salary, or the vacation pay and Christmas bonus. Annual allowances and Christmas allowances, usually paid in summer and winter, amount to approximately one month`s salary. The rights may be beautiful on paper, but they are really of low value, unless we use them. Indeed, if we do not have our rights, the employer may feel entitled to say that certain clauses of the collective agreement are not necessary and should be removed because the workers do not use these rights anyway! Public holidays in Austria are unemployed days and all workers are free to work while continuing to work. Collective agreements for each sector may set 24 and 31 December as public holidays. Other holidays are Good Friday for members of the old Lutheran, Reformed and Catholic Church and Reconciliation Day (Yom Kippur) for collaborators of the Israeli-Israeli religious community. In so far as, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No Regulation (EC) No 883/2004, in the event that an illness prevents a worker from working, the employer must pay, for a specified period, maintenance of remuneration at the level laid down in Austrian law. Workers on sick leave are generally entitled to six weeks` pay.
The entitlement is increased to eight weeks after five years of employment, to 10 weeks after 15 years and to twelve weeks after 25 years. The rules that govern the creation of (new) claims. B are complex, while workers and employees are subject to different rules. In addition, collective agreements may contain more advantageous provisions than those provided for by law. Flexibility in working time is related to where employees can decide for themselves when they start and end their daily working time. Establishments or organisations which have a works council are required to define any flexible working arrangements in a works agreement. In the absence of a works council, such agreements must be concluded by written agreements with individual workers. The terms used in collective agreements and typical content The next step in understanding your collective agreement is to review it clause by clause and understand the rights and obligations of each of the parties (employers, workers and unions). If you read each section, you ask yourself the following questions: Working time is the period from the beginning to the end of work, not counting the rest periods during work.
Travel time to or from work is generally not considered to be working time. In this regard, however, some collective agreements provide for rules that are more advantageous for workers. .